Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG (1409-1442) » Ancestral Trails 2016 » Genealogy Online (2024)

Personal data Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG

  • She was born on October 7, 1409 in Visegrád, Pest, Hungary.
  • She died on December 19, 1442 in Győr, Hungary, she was 33 years old.
  • A child of Sigismund of LUXEMBOURG and Barbara of CELJI

Household of Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG

She has/had a relationship with Albrecht von ÖSTERREICH.


  1. Ladislaus V Posthumus von BOHEMIA1440-1457

  2. Anne von ÖSTERREICH1432-1462

  3. Elizabeth von ÖSTERREICH1436-1505

  • The couple has common ancestors.

  • Notes about Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG

    Elizabeth of Luxembourg (7 October 1409 - 19 December 1442) was queen consort of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia.

    The only child of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, King of Hungary and Bohemia, Elizabeth was expected to ascend his thrones along with her husband, Albert of Austria. Her rights were ignored by the nobility when Sigismund died in 1437 and only her husband was accepted as monarch, with Elizabeth as mere consort.

    Albert died in 1439, leaving Elizabeth a pregnant dowager with two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth. Bohemian nobility proclaimed an interregnum, while King Vladislaus III of Poland was crowned new king of Hungary in May 1440, three months after Queen Elizabeth delivered a son, Ladislaus the Posthumous. She was determined to contend for her patrimony on her son's behalf, which led to a civil war between hers and Vladislaus' supporters. The conflict ended with the queen's death at the age of 33. Vladislaus himself died in battle in 1444, opening up path for Elizabeth's son to be recognized as king of Hungary.

    Elizabeth was born into the powerful House of Luxembourg. Her parents were the 41-year-old King Sigismund of Hungary and his second wife, the 17-year-old Barbara of Cilli. Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, the rebellious baron with whom Sigismund had recently come to terms, was the infant's godfather. The year after her birth, Elizabeth's father was elected king of the Romans.

    As the king's only child, Elizabeth was seen as de facto heiress presumptive to the throne, or at least as the princess whose eventual marriage would provide a king. In 1411, Sigismund managed to have the estates promise that they would recognize Elizabeth's right to the Holy Crown of Hungary and elect her future husband as king -an agreement that would have great consequences after Sigismund's death. Elizabeth's hereditary right was in fact rather slim, as her father had acquired it by marrying his first wife, Queen Mary, from whom Elizabeth was not descended. The same year, Sigismund betrothed Elizabeth to the Habsburg Duke Albert V of Austria, then aged 14.

    Queen Barbara was very unpopular among the nobility, who resented her sympathy for the Hussites, forerunners of the Protestant Reformation. In 1418, they accused her of having committed adultery while her husband was attending the Council of Constance. The resulting strain in the royal marriage led to the queen's banishment and confinement, first in Oradea and subsequently in Skalica, between 1418 and 1419. The fact that Elizabeth accompanied her mother into the exile and presumably endured the same harsh treatment despite being recognized as heiress to the throne suggests that Sigismund may have doubted her paternity during that period. Nevertheless, Sigismund simultaneously negotiated her marriage to the Habsburg Duke Albert V of Austria. The Habsburgs, Sigismund's long-standing friends and allies, evidently did not question Elizabeth's legitimacy or, at least, were not deterred by the accusations made against her mother. Sigismund reconciled with Barbara in 1419 and Elizabeth returned to his favour along with her mother. The same year, he inherited the Bohemian crown from his elder brother, King Wenceslaus IV.

    On 28 September 1421, the enduring friendship between King Sigismund and the House of Habsburg culminated in a marriage treaty signed in Vienna. The treaty confirmed Elizabeth's status as heiress presumptive of both Hungary and Bohemia, but only for as long as she remained Sigismund's only child. It stipulated that the birth of another daughter would leave Elizabeth with the right to choose one of her father's kingdoms, while the younger sister would inherit the other. Should she gain a brother, however, she would be deprived of both crowns in his favour. The Margraviate of Moravia was ceded to Albert as Elizabeth's dowry. The treaty was controversial in both Hungary and Bohemia, as the nobility of both countries claimed the right to elect their monarch, even though their choice was normally the heir-in-blood.

    Elizabeth formally married Albert in a splendid ceremony held on 19 April 1422 in Vienna. Elizabeth, now duch*ess of Austria, moved to the Viennese court of her husband. The papal dispensation for the marriage, necessary due to the couple's common descent from Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Judith of Habsburg, was not sought until 1431, but was easily granted by Eugene IV.

    The couple's first child, a daughter named Anne, was born in 1432. The French travel writer Bertrandon de la Broquière noted that "the duch*ess, a tall, handsome woman, daughter to the Emperor, and heiress after him to the kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia and their dependencies", gave birth to a daughter, "which had occasioned festivals and tournaments that were the more numerously attended because hitherto she had not had any children." In 1435, Elizabeth delivered a son, George, who died within three hours. The next birth was that of another daughter, Elizabeth, in 1436.

    Elisabeth was not the daughter of her father's first wife Mary of Hungary, and thus not descended from Angevin kings of Hungary (but in many ways, she descended from the old Árpád kings of Hungary).

    Her paternal grandparents were Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Elisabeth of Pomerania. Her maternal grandfather was Count Herman II of Celje, whose parents were the Slovenian ruler Count Herman I of Celje and Catherine of Bosnia. In right of the paternal grandparents, she was, through Emperor Charles, an heiress of Bohemia, and through Elisabeth of Pomerania, an heiress of Poland, of its Kujavian Piast branch of kings. Thus, she was a leading claimant to several Slavic kingdoms and principalities.

    She was also a descendant of Árpád kings of Hungary, through her great-grandmother Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292-1330), who herself was granddaughter of Kunguta Rostislavna of Halicia, whose mother Anna was a daughter of King Bela IV of Hungary. Admittedly, this was not a very close Hungarian connection, but all the other extant descendants of Árpáds were approximately as distant at that time. Additionally, she descended from Ottokar I of Bohemia's second wife Constance of Hungary, daughter of Bela III of Hungary.
    SOURCE: Wikipedia

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    Click on the names for more info.Symbols used: Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG (1409-1442) » Ancestral Trails 2016 » Genealogy Online (1)grandparentsElizabeth of LUXEMBOURG (1409-1442) » Ancestral Trails 2016 » Genealogy Online (2)parentsElizabeth of LUXEMBOURG (1409-1442) » Ancestral Trails 2016 » Genealogy Online (3)brothers/sistersElizabeth of LUXEMBOURG (1409-1442) » Ancestral Trails 2016 » Genealogy Online (4)children

Ancestors (and descendant) of Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG


Elizabeth von POMERANIA

Sigismund of LUXEMBOURG

Barbara of CELJI

Elizabeth of LUXEMBOURG

Albrecht von ÖSTERREICH

Ladislaus V Posthumus von BOHEMIA


Elizabeth von ÖSTERREICH

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Historical events

  • Birthday October 7, 1409
  • Day of death December 19, 1442

Birthday October 7, 1409

  • Graaf Willem VI (Beiers Huis) was from 1404 till 1417 sovereign of the Netherlands (also known as Graafschap Holland)
  • In the year 1409: Source: Wikipedia
    • March 25 » The Council of Pisa opens.
    • June 26 » Western Schism: The Roman Catholic Church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
    • September 23 » The Battle of Kherlen is the second significant victory over Ming dynasty China by the Mongols since 1368.
    • December 2 » The University of Leipzig opens.

Day of death December 19, 1442

Same birth/death day

  • Also born on October 7
  • Also died on December 19

Source: Wikipedia

Source: Wikipedia

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